2192 "Sunday . Jennifer Kane. CIC, can. Three nouns (“God,” “heavens,” and “earth”) occur in the first verse and are repeated in the story in numbers divisible by seven: “God” thirty-five times; “earth” twenty-one times; and “heavens” twenty-one times. The acronym C.M.N. Catechism of the Catholic Church: Article 2 The Trnsmission of Divine Revelation Chapter 2. It is a day of protest against the servitude of work and the worship of money.97, 2173 The Gospel reports many incidents when Jesus was accused of violating the sabbath law. The Catholic Media Network Story About Us Catholic Media Network – Bringing the message of Hope, through Media. You cannot pray at home as at church, where there is a great multitude, where exclamations are cried out to God as from one great heart, and where there is something more: the union of minds, the accord of souls, the bond of charity, the prayers of the priests. 96 Ex 31:17; cf. We all gather on the day of the sun, for it is the first day [after the Jewish sabbath, but also the first day] when God, separating matter from darkness, made the world; and on this same day Jesus Christ our Savior rose from the dead. Thus, after 135, even the Jerusalem Church worshiped on Sundays. "92, 2169 In speaking of the sabbath Scripture recalls creation: "For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and hallowed it. This may have provided further stimulus for Christians to change their worship from Sabbath to Sunday. . Every Christian should avoid making unnecessary demands on others that would hinder them from observing the Lord's Day. 2191 The Church celebrates the day of Christ's Resurrection on the "eighth day," Sunday, which is rightly called the Lord's Day (cf. “It is written: ‘The Lord your God shall you worship, and him alone shall you serve’” (Mt. If a country's legislation or other reasons require work on Sunday, the day should nevertheless be lived as the day of our deliverance which lets us share in this "festal gathering," this "assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven."125. 10:31); and do not do your own pleasure (Isa. Sunday was the day he was found to have been resurrected, and his first two appearance to the twelve disciples were on the following two Sundays (Jn. 2182 Participation in the communal celebration of the Sunday Eucharist is a testimony of belonging and of being faithful to Christ and to his Church. In Genesis, God blessed the seventh day and made it holy; in Exodus God blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. 113 Heb 10:25. So that the advantage given by heavenly providence may not for the occasion of a short time perish.”, At the time this law was instituted Sunday worship had been universally practiced in the Church for at least 170 years. ", Tradition preserves the memory of an ever-timely exhortation: Come to Church early, approach the Lord, and confess your sins, repent in prayer. It is not surprising then to find several New Testament comments addressing this matter. Hadrian’s prohibition against Sabbath worship spelled the end of the Sabbath-or-Sunday problem for the early Church. However, the Church considers the Sabbath to have two.aspects: an essential part to worship the Lord on one day per week and a ceremonial part as to the exact day. Should not the Church then set aside the other old covenant law—the Sabbath law?” Jewish Christians, similarly. 1247). 5:9–18, 7:22) suggests that the he was not pleased with the way that the Sabbath was being observed. [ Catechism.cc] Homosexuality and Sin: a summary of Catholic teaching. 1248 § 1. I Believe: Paragraph 5. 5:34). 114 Sermo de die dominica 2 et 6:PG 86/1,416C and 421C. December 13, 2020 (Readings on USCCB website) . During May, the Church celebrates World Communications Day. Sabbatarians (those who worship on Saturday) argue that God’s rest on the seventh day—since God obviously did not need to rest—was setting an example for man. 1246 § 1. There is a glaring inconsistency in Mrs. White’s belief that the church apostatized in 321: She accepts specific doctrines approved by the Catholic Church after the date of alleged apostasy. The Didache taught: “On the Lord’s own day, gather together and break bread.” This is a clear reference invoking Christians to worship on Sunday written around the year 100. 2189 "Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy" (Deut 5:12). One implication of this is that with the passion, death, and resurrection of Christ one eternity had ended and another had begun. . They have to give everyone a public example of prayer, respect, and joy and defend their traditions as a precious contribution to the spiritual life of society. It is particularly significant that the seventh and last section (Gen. 2:2–3) which deals with the seventh day has in Hebrew three consecutive sentences (three for emphasis), each of which consists of seven words and contains in the middle the expression “the seventh day.”. It sums up, in book form, the beliefs of the Catholic faithful. 2187 Sanctifying Sundays and holy days requires a common effort. (Nero blamed the Christians for the fires in Rome in 64.) John wrote how the world had been symbolically created anew in Jesus. If God "rested and was refreshed" on the seventh day, man too ought to "rest" and should let others, especially the poor, "be refreshed. 120 CIC, can. The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that "You shall attend Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation and rest from servile labor." to abstain from those labors and business concerns which impede the worship to be rendered to God, the joy which is proper to the Lord's Day, or the proper relaxation of mind and body" (CIC, can. Religious Education - High School - Catechism - St. Andrew - Lesson 2 - VIDEO. . 2177 The Sunday celebration of the Lord's Day and his Eucharist is at the heart of the Church's life. It should be seen therefore as a unified whole. The significance of the law, however, was that in sanctioning Sunday as a day of rest the emperor implicitly recognized Christianity as the state religion. CIC, can. It must be noted, however, that Paul does not specifically mention the Sabbath here. 2185 On Sundays and other holy days of obligation, the faithful are to refrain from engaging in work or activities that hinder the worship owed to God, the joy proper to the Lord's Day, the performance of the works of mercy, and the appropriate relaxation of mind and body.123 Family needs or important social service can legitimately excuse from the obligation of Sunday rest. . 4:10). . Be present at the sacred and divine liturgy, conclude its prayer and do not leave before the dismissal. CHAPTER ONE "YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND", The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath; so the Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath.91, 2168 The third commandment of the Decalogue recalls the holiness of the sabbath: "The seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD. S. Bacchiocchi, a leading sabbatarian SDA scholar, writes in From Sabbath to Sunday (1997) that the change in worship days began around the year 60 in Rome but was not generally accepted until after the decree of Hadrian in 135 (p. 303–321). On this question hinges the conclusion to many arguments with Fundamentalists, especially Sabbatarians (the Seventh-Day Adventists are the best known) who owe their raison d’etre to the conviction that the early Church apostatized when it abandoned observance of the traditional Sabbath. . Country people, however, may freely attend to the cultivation of the fields, because it frequently happens that no other days are better adapted for planting the grain in the furrows or the vines in trenches. . Little Catechism - Page 21, 22 3 Instructions: Do not write your answers on the question paper. "109 Sunday worship fulfills the moral command of the Old Covenant, taking up its rhythm and spirit in the weekly celebration of the Creator and Redeemer of his people. Sabbatarians argue that the Lord observed the Sabbath and we should imitate Christ in this. 31:16); and delight in the Lord (Isa. Traditional activities (sport, restaurants, etc. The Old Testament usage of the terms listed in Colossians 2:16 (“festival,” “new moon,” and “Sabbath”) make clear beyond question that Paul is referring to the weekly Sabbath. Our Patrons. 2194 The institution of Sunday helps all "to be allowed sufficient rest and leisure to cultivate their amilial, cultural, social, and religious lives" (GS 67 § 3). Catholic News Service is a leader in the world of Catholic and religious media. 2175 Sunday is expressly distinguished from the sabbath which it follows chronologically every week; for Christians its ceremonial observance replaces that of the sabbath. 9:16, Jn 7:23, Mk. 97 Cf. Little catechism - Page 4, 5 3 13. The Bible is the collection of books that relate God’s revelation to the human race. 92 Ex 31:15. 20:19, 20:26). Those who lived according to the old order of things have come to a new hope, no longer keeping the sabbath, but the Lord's Day, in which our life is blessed by him and by his death. 119 Cf. second edition catechism of the catholic church - english translation. These particular bad habits are called the seven deadly sins because, according to Catholicism, they’re mortal sins — sins that kill the life of sanctifying grace. 2174 Jesus rose from the dead "on the first day of the week. 121 Gen 2:2. This reasoning, however, fails to consider that our Lord was still under the old covenant when he observed the Sabbath. Where did we get the Bible? Mt 28:1; Mk 16:2; Lk 24:1; Jn 20:1. . Official Visual-Audio Media Platform of Archdiocese of Trichur 1246 § 2: "The conference of bishops can abolish certain holy days of obligation or transfer them to a Sunday with prior approval of the Apostolic See." 95 Cf. Jesus Christ, the Son of God and the Son of Mary, is our Advocate Who pleads for us at the right hand of His Heavenly Father. ARTICLE 5 "HE DESCENDED INTO HELL. Another council was not necessary. The church in Asia, with Paul as its teacher, was confronted by Jewish-Christians who insisted that new Christians be circumcised as Old Testament law commanded. 2186 Those Christians who have leisure should be mindful of their brethren who have the same needs and the same rights, yet cannot rest from work because of poverty and misery. "93, 2170 Scripture also reveals in the Lord's day a memorial of Israel's liberation from bondage in Egypt: "You shall remember that you were a servant in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out thence with mighty hand and outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day."94. Mk 1:21; Jn 9:16. In Christ's Passover, Sunday fulfills the spiritual truth of the Jewish sabbath and announces man's eternal rest in God. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work. IT IS A CAUSE FOR GREAT JOY THAT THE LATIN TYPICAL EDITION OF THE CATECHISM OF THE He had made the perfect world and he blessed it. For instance, in the year 50 the Christian church in Rome was considered to be a sect of Judaism; fourteen years later these same Christians were clearly understood to be distinct from the Jews. For this we must go to Exodus 16:23–24: “Moses told [the Israelites], ‘That is what the Lord prescribed. In the Old Testament, Sabbath convocations—that is, the list of Sabbaths (days), new moons (months), and fixed festivals (seasons)—were listed in ascending or descending order. SC 106). This verse of Exodus has been used to suggest that the Sabbath was instituted at the time of creation. 16:19); do not bake or boil (Ex. 23:12. Handing on the Faith: Catechesis 27-49 I. It tries to promote the mission and vision of the Church. 58:14). 20:8–11). Traditional activities (sport, restaurants, etc. SECTION TWO THE PROFESSION OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH. With temperance and charity the faithful will see to it that they avoid the excesses and violence sometimes associated with popular leisure activities. 124 St. Augustine, De civ. Choices are given in some sections. 2188 In respecting religious liberty and the common good of all, Christians should seek recognition of Sundays and the Church's holy days as legal holidays. "Sunday is the day on which the paschal mystery is celebrated in light of the apostolic tradition and is to be observed as the foremost holy day of obligation in the universal Church. stands for Catholic Media Network where people tune in during times of political or economical crisis; times that credible news and information is needed the most . Acts 2:42-46; 1 Cor 11:17. Every Christian should avoid making unnecessary demands on others that would hinder them from observing the Lord's Day. However, the Church considers the Sabbath to have two.aspects: an essential part to worship the Lord on one day per week and a ceremonial part as to the exact day. 515 § 1. have eaten from the tree . ... persons fall into homosexuality because they have learned numerous false doctrines about sexuality from society and the media. When then was Sabbath instituted? Social media was on the mind of Pope Benedict XVI during last month's World Day of Communication-and it should remain on ours. Justin Martyr confirmed the non-issue of Sunday worship in 150, writing: “On Sunday, we meet to celebrate the Lord’s supper and read the Gospels and Sacred Scripture, the first day on which God changed darkness, and made the world, and on which Christ rose from the dead.” It is worth pointing out that the unity of intent in the writings of the apostolic fathers speaks to the worldwide acceptance of Sunday worship between 100–150. “And Jesus replied, You shall not kill, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not bear false witness, honor your father and mother, and you shall love your neighbor as yourself” (Mt. COLLECT PRAYER. 13:10–16, 14:1–5; Jn. 67:PG 6,429 and 432. Our tools enable schools and parishes to deliver an outstanding faith learning experience; engaging students and involving parents in faith formation, equipping catechists and religion teachers and empowering DREs and school administrators. The Desire for God nn. "110, "Also to be observed are the day of the Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the Epiphany, the Ascension of Christ, the feast of the Body and Blood of Christi, the feast of Mary the Mother of God, her Immaculate Conception, her Assumption, the feast of Saint Joseph, the feast of the Apostles Saints Peter and Paul, and the feast of All Saints. The Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches that the ten commandments are “fundamentally immutable” (no. With temperance and charity the faithful will see to it that they avoid the excesses and violence sometimes associated with popular leisure activities. "115 It is the place where all the faithful can be gathered together for the Sunday celebration of the Eucharist. When Paul writes “Let no one pass judgment on you,” the text suggests that the ones who were doing the judging were the Jewish Christians who were practicing the old covenant convocations and other dietary aberrations of Christianity. Let us begin with Colossians 2:17–19: “Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day—things which are a mere shadow of what is to come, but the substance belongs to Christ.” This verse has been vigorously debated. The Obedience of Faith Artice 1. In Colossians 2:16–17 Paul uses the same structure as the Old Testament writers, allowing us to be sure that he is writing about not only the yearly and seasonal Sabbaths, but also about the weekly Sabbath. You may either bake or boil the manna as you please; but what ever is left put away and keep for the morrow.’” Thus, the first mention of Sabbath is in connection with the manna. Dei 19,19:PL 41,647. "117 "The precept of participating in the Mass is satisfied by assistance at a Mass which is celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite either on the holy day or on the evening of the preceding day."118. This opinion is refuted by current scholarship even from Seventh-Day Adventists. The ascending order of 1 Chronicles 23:31—”. The Catechism Recall the ceremony with which God made known His Law, containing the blessing of the seventh-day Sabbath, by which all humanity is to be judged. Around the year 60, circumstantial evidence suggests that the Roman church began to worship on Sunday. 14:5–6). It is interesting that in various passages the Lord restates all of the decalogue except for one commandment. For worship under the Law prepared for the mystery of Christ, and what was done there prefigured some aspects of Christ:107. 106 St. Justin, I Apol. 18-22 VI. Catholic Social Media saves you hours each week — valuable time that you can spend on ministry, outreach and administration. 102 Mk 2:28. 104 Cf. But the word “Sabbath” is not found in Genesis and nothing is said about Adam and Eve resting. 1:15); do not buy or sell (Neh. The prophets . CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IS APPROVED AND PROMULGATED JOHN PAUL, BISHOP SERVANT OF THE SERVANTS OF GOD FOR EVERLASTING MEMORY To my Venerable Brothers the cardinals, Patriarchs, Archbishops, Bishops, Priests, Deacons, and to all the People of God. 120. At that Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:10–21), Peter, James, and the other apostles set aside the law of circumcision, a law that was a sign of God’s covenental relationship with the chosen people and which was an “everlasting pact ” (Gen. 17:13). Finally, “But I say to you, do not swear at all; not by heaven, for it is God’s throne” (Mt. 112 Cf. The New Testament itself never calls Sunday the day of the Resurrection but consistently “the first day of the week.” Moreover, nowhere does the New Testament suggest that the Lord’s Supper was celebrated in commemoration of Christ’s Resurrection. 2193 "On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound . It was found around 1900 in a manuscript dating back to the year 1000. Three examples will suffice to make the point: (1) the canon of the New Testament was approved in 393 at the Council of Hippo; (2) the doctrine of the Trinity was defined in 325 at the Council of Nicea; and (3) the doctrine of the true manhood true Godship of Jesus was defined in 451 at the Council of Chalcedon. 99 Mk 2:27. What is meant by “Sabbath day”? is to be observed as the foremost holy day of obligation in the universal Church" (CIC, can. If Christians forget to remember in prayer people who are suffering, their prayer can become a superficial activity that feeds their ego rather than seeking the good and well-being of others, Pope Francis said. 90 Ex 20:8-10; cf. He notes that this is up to each person to decide. “But Sunday is the day on which we all hold our common assembly, because it is the first day on which God, having wrought a change in the darkness and matter, made the world; and Jesus Christ our Savior on the same day rose from the dead” (First Apology 67 [A.D. 155]). . 1245. Let everyone be fully persuaded in his own mind. Employers have a similar obligation toward their employees. 118 CIC, can. They become unable to discern good from evil and true from false. "104 Because it is the "first day," the day of Christ's Resurrection recalls the first creation. . In spite of economic constraints, public authorities should ensure citizens a time intended for rest and divine worship. 17:27, Neh. Content Evangelist, Jennifer Kane, is a secular Carmelite (OCDS), wife, mother, grandmother who worked for more than 30 years in marketing/communications which included 20 years in radio broadcasting including news director. Deut 5:12-15. Barnabas writes: “Finally He [God] says to them: ‘I cannot bear your new moons and Sabbaths.’ You see what he means: It is not the present Sabbaths that are acceptable to me, but the one that I have made; on that Sabbath day, which is the beginning of another world. Heaven and Earth Article 1 I believe in God Almighty, creato of Heaven and Earth : II. 19:18–19). Together they testify to God's holiness and their hope of salvation. Christians will also sanctify Sunday by devoting time and care to their families and relatives, often difficult to do on other days of the week. “In the beginning, when God created the heavens and the earth” (Gen. 1:1). View Online Version . 123 Cf. ), require some people to work on Sundays, but everyone should still take care to set aside sufficient time for leisure. Moreover, since Paul was presumably responding to the churches in Colossae, Galatia, and Rome about matters which concerned them, it seems clear that some Christians were worshiping on days other that Sabbath in Rome and in Asia Minor around 54–58. . ), and social necessities (public services, etc. 2183 "If because of lack of a sacred minister or for other grave cause participation in the celebration of the Eucharist is impossible, it is specially recommended that the faithful take part in the Liturgy of the Word if it is celebrated in the parish church or in another sacred place according to the prescriptions of the diocesan bishop, or engage in prayer for an appropriate amount of time personally or in a family or, as occasion offers, in groups of families. The fact that Jesus rebukes too severe an interpretation of Sabbath law (Lk. . The Epistle of Barnabas (A.D. 130–135) is the first explicit mention of Lord’s day worship being based on the Resurrection. would have questioned how many of the old covenant Sabbath regulations applied under the new covenant, for Sabbath rules were legion and varied from one rabbi to the next. The Sabbath laws given to the Israelites told them to behave very much as Adam and Eve behaved in Eden. Because it is the "eighth day" following the sabbath,105 it symbolizes the new creation ushered in by Christ's Resurrection. 95 CATECHISM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS Revised 2013 BIBLE 1. The parish initiates the Christian people into the ordinary expression of the liturgical life: it gathers them together in this celebration; it teaches Christ's saving doctrine; it practices the charity of the Lord in good works and brotherly love: 2180 The precept of the Church specifies the law of the Lord more precisely: "On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound to participate in the Mass. 107 Cf. This is the day which the LORD has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it. Mt 12:5; Jn 7:23. ), require some people to work on Sundays, but everyone should still take care to set aside sufficient time for leisure. 91 Mk 2:27-28. 111 CIC, can. Instructor(s) Instructor Bio: Professor Marshall Connolly has spent his life in service to God and the Church as an educator and writer. 2181 The Sunday Eucharist is the foundation and confirmation of all Christian practice. The apostle is speaking here about the day which is being observed to the Lord, i.e., the day of worship. 1247). 13-17 V. Practical Directions for Using this Catechism nn. Our Lord defends his disciples when the Jews attacked them for not observing the Sabbath, ending his comments by saying: “For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath” (Mt. Employers have a similar obligation toward their employees. In the year 110—only twelve years after the death of the last apostle—Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, calls the Sabbath “antiquated.” The full passage of the letter of Ignatius to the Magnesians, reads: “Do not be led astray by other doctrines nor by old fables which are worthless. Throughout the book of Acts, Luke reports mass conversions of the Jews in Jerusalem, and notes that many were devout Jews and priests (Acts 2:5,41; 6:7) who remained “zealous for the law” (Acts 21:20). Sunday is traditionally consecrated by Christian piety to good works and humble service of the sick, the infirm, and the elderly. PART ONE THE PROFESSION OF FAITH. 2. But Jesus never fails to respect the holiness of this day.98 He gives this law its authentic and authoritative interpretation: "The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath. It is a holy day of obligation, a day for you to grow in your faith, and you are required to attend to the extent that you are able to do so. One can almost hear the discussions of the Gentile Christians of the time: “Did not the Council of Jerusalem set aside the ‘everlasting’ law of circumcision? Tomorrow is a day of complete rest, the Sabbath, sacred to the Lord. Or again, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath” (Mk. Read the online version of the Catechism of the Catholic Church. For this reason the faithful are obliged to participate in the Eucharist on days of obligation, unless excused for a serious reason (for example, illness, the care of infants) or dispensed by their own pastor.119 Those who deliberately fail in this obligation commit a grave sin. for in six days the Lord had made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy” (Ex. 122 Cf. This pattern is repeated for the first six days but missing on the seventh day, suggesting that God’s rest was not to establish one day per week of rest (though it did foreshadow the Sabbath), but to institute a time of perpetual rest and open fellowship with himself. Religious Education - High School - Catechism - St. Andrew - Lesson 2 - QUIZ. Mk 3:4. "Those who pray never turn their backs on the world" but instead, seek to intercede for humanity through prayer, the pope said Dec. 16 during his weekly general audience. Ex 31:16. Neh 13:15-22; 2 Chr 36:21. These excerpts, taken from the Statement on Communications Media and Catechesis presented by U.S. Bishop-Delegates at the 1977 Synod, stress the impact of communications in contemporary society. "The seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the Lord" (Ex 31:15). 2195 Every Christian should avoid making unnecessary demands on others that would hinder them from observing the Lord's Day. This is the day that the Lord has made, let us rejoice and be glad in it.". MASS READINGS. The faithful should see to it that legitimate excuses do not lead to habits prejudicial to religion, family life, and health. Media Catholica, Thrissur. In the year 321 the emperor Constantine made a new edict known as the Sunday decree: “All judges and city people and the craftsmen shall rest upon the venerable Day of the Sun. 1246 § 1). Order Hard Copy and eBook Versions Frequently Asked Questions about the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Six days you shall labor and do all your work; but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work . "On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound to participate in the Mass" (CIC, can. Sunday is a time for reflection, silence, cultivation of the mind, and meditation which furthers the growth of the Christian interior life. ), and social necessities (public services, etc. 110 CIC, can. Reports from the Vatican, US, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Central and Latin America. 125 Heb 12:22-23. A new Christian community was recruited for Jerusalem from other nations, and the bishops of Jerusalem until the mid–third century bore Greek and Roman names. "102, The day of the Resurrection: the new creation. 5.5K likes. The Sabbath law is restated in the Ten Commandments: “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 1247. "If because of lack of a sacred minister or for other grave cause participation in the celebration of the Eucharist is impossible, it is specially recommended that the faithful take part in the Liturgy of the Word if it is celebrated in the parish church or in another sacred place according to the prescriptions of the diocesan bishop, or engage in prayer for an appropriate amount of time personally or in a family or, as occasion offers, in groups of families.". "111, 2178 This practice of the Christian assembly dates from the beginnings of the apostolic age.112 The Letter to the Hebrews reminds the faithful "not to neglect to meet together, as is the habit of some, but to encourage one another."113. From these texts it seems clear that Paul considered Sabbath observance a matter of personal conviction that was not important in itself. by the sweat of your face you shall eat bread” (Gen. 3:17–19). It is a case of the blind leading the blind into a pit. 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