The main difference is the size and shape. Irrigate after topdressing to help the lawn begin to recover from dethatching and aerating. Just break up the soil into clods and try to get a nice, even, soft seedbed. Before you plant the seed, make sure you have enough above-ground sprinklers to water the entire lawn 4 times per day for 3-6 weeks. Cavalier has a moderate pest resistance, but its aggressive nature is able to choke out most weeds. Let the area dry out, and mow to remove as much of the infected grass as possible. It produces a singular seed head that is red-to-purple in color with small white flowers. Keep the area well watered until the seeds germinate and the seedlings have grown sufficiently to establish a lawn, then water as needed. This means herbicide manufacturers can develop broad-spectrum weed killers that target broadleaf weeds but are harmless to your lawn. Zoysia Lawn Grass Seed varieties are used for lawns, parks, golf course fairways and high traffic areas. It may also be known as Manila Grass, because it was first brought to the US from the Philippines, in the late 19th century. Brown patch is the most common fungal disease that affects zoysia lawns. The best way to prevent broadleaf weeds is to encourage zoysia to fill in bare patches of soil through consistent maintenance and soil building. Unlike brown patch and rust, leaf spot is most common in dry lawns when the weather is hot during the day and cold at night. This can give centipede grass an advantage if it creeps into your lawn, and it may take several rounds of sprays and manual removal before you gain control. It is 99.9% weed free. Zoysia is able to resist most pests and diseases if it is maintained properly. Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. Bag infected clippings and dispose of them. Chemical-free: The fall before planting, spread tarps or solid plastic film across your lawn and anchor them with stakes. To learn more read Will Zoysia Choke Out Fescue? This is the definition of a low-maintenance grass; it has few problems under normal growing conditions. ft. and 90 lbs. Recommended Reading:Why Is My Zoysia Lawn Turning Brown? r/lawncare: Lawn care guides, pictures, and discussions. While zoysia can tolerate a few grubs per square foot, an infestation can kill large patches of turf before you notice too much damage. While Meyer is advertised as a quick-growing cultivar, it is slow to establish. Zoysia that is suffering from low nitrogen will be more susceptible to pests, have a lighter color, and fill in slowly. in Landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture. The 2 Key Factors Explained. The grass that results from Zoysia seed is a medium to coarse textured lawn. Most turf diseases are caused by poor irrigation and mowing schedules. It can grow unevenly and in mounds. Always mow when the lawn is dry, and mow lawns in humid climates at a shorter height to encourage evaporation. Mow weekly with sharp blades when the grass is dry. Option 1: Spread and bury the sprigs by hand. Asecond choice would be seeding tall fescue in March. per acre. This species is also known for its tolerance of salty and alkaline soils. Zeon is considered to be one of the best overall zoysia cultivars, with its only real drawback being a slow establishing period and limited availability. Side By Side Comparison, Best Fertilizer For A Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter, Learn more about establishing zoysia in clay soil. - Full Sun and Light Shade - Thrives in Heat & Drought - Grows a Tough, Durable, Low-Maintenance Lawn - Seeds up to 2,000 sq. Step 5 Examine the juncture where the leaf blade emerges from the grass stem. Seed head. You will begin to notice billbug damage in early summer, when some patches of the lawn look like they never broke dormancy. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts However, the fewer plugs you use, the more likely weed seeds will take over the bare patches of your lawn before the zoysia fills in. Rust looks like a rusty, powdery coating on a patch of grass. This helps to prevent compaction and improve water retention, which lowers your water and fertilizer bill. When you mow a lawn with brown patch, make sure you mow when the lawn is dry and bag the clippings. It is one of the most shade tolerant cultivars, and it can handle extremely short mowing heights. Meyer is one of the more popular strains of Z. japonica due to its vigorous growth habit and rich, deep green color. Matrella seeds (left) are narrow ovate, approximately 0.8 to 1.1mm and about 30% larger than tenufolia seeds (right) which are very narrow ovate, 0.5 to 0.8mm. Most pests and diseases can be controlled before they do much damage. However, if you mow every 10-14 days, you’re more likely to leave long grass clippings that don’t break down as quickly. This turfgrass has a coarse texture and is extremely durable. Begin mowing in the spring as soon as the lawn is above 2”, and continue mowing until the lawn goes dormant for the winter. Zoysia is a beautiful, thick, deep green turf grass that is easy to maintain in the right climate. On the other hand, the fescue grasses are shade-tolerant cool-season grasses that also grow exceptionally well in the southern US. Learn more from our article Will Zoysia Choke Out Crabgrass? It's so dense, few lawn weeds penetrate established Zoysia lawns. However, zoysia grows best from sprigs, plugs, or sod, even if seed is an option. You can use plugs to establish new lawns, or to fill in bare patches of an existing lawn. Zoysia grass can be grown from seed, sod, or plugs. Bermuda grass leaf blades grow as wide as 1/6 inch, but zoysia is finer, rarely growing more than 1/8 inch wide. Although plugs require more time to fill in than seed, the success rate is virtually 100%. If you live in a dry climate, you will likely need to water once per week to prevent your lawn from going dormant. The lack of shade tolerance makes Empire more susceptible to brown patch; a fungus that thrives in humid, shady parts of the lawn. For more information see St. Augustine vs. Zoysia: Which One Is Right For Your Lawn? This is obviously the most expensive option. Zoysia is an average grass that prefers average soil. Clay can be so dense that nutrients are not able to move into the root zone of a plant. In the image below you can see the difference between matrella seeds and tenuifolia seeds (in the bag): The colour difference is particularly prominent due to the fact that tenuifolia had extra time before I picked it, while matrella is quite fresh. 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