He installed coinage making machinery in the Paris mint and replaced the écu d’or with the Louis d'or in 1640. The first écu was a gold coin minted during the reign of Louis IX of France, in 1266. Doublet of scutum, escudo, scudo, and scute. [citation needed], This article is about the type of French coin. Not only was this a devaluation, but while the franc had been identified with its valuation of one livre the valuation of the écu à la couronne was subject to manipulation. Translations in context of "ECU" in English-French from Reverso Context: million ecu, billion ecu, bio ecu, ecu per, mio ecu Coins in History, John Porteous, page 164. Coins In History, John Porteous, page 89. As part of this system, he introduced quarter and eighth écu coins struck in silver. ecu (n.) old French silver coin, 1704, from French écu, "a shield," also the name of a coin, from Old French escu (12c.) The word is related to scudo and escudo. Over the years, French kings had granted numerous nobles and bishops the right to strike coins and their “feudal” coinages competed with the royal coinage. [11] From 1690 to 1725 rates were unstable and new écus were issued, and existing écus revalued. What is French écu? ECU is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms The Free Dictionary Definition of French écu in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. All had the king's bust on the obverse and the royal coat of arms on the reverse. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. cus (ā-kyo͞o′) Any of various old French coins, especially a silver five-franc piece. For the European Community monetary unit, see. Here at the ECU Department of English, we are a vibrant and energetic collection of teachers, scholars, researchers, and writers. Translation for 'ecu' in the free English-French dictionary and many other French translations. Delivered to your inbox! The first écu was a gold coin (the écu d'or) minted during the reign of Louis IX of France, in 1266. Pronunciation IPA : /eɪˈkuː/ Noun . ecu n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Noun . With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for écu and thousands of other words. [6], In 1475, Louis XI created a variant of the écu à la couronne called an écu au soleil because the Sun now appeared above the shield. Écu (from Latin scutum) means shield, and the coin was so called because its design included the coat of arms of France. Definition of ECU in the Definitions.net dictionary. 22.5 sous) for the écu. From the initial letters of European currency unit. He responded by revaluing the écu d’or in stages from 45 sous in 1547 to 60 sous, i.e. cus Any of various old French coins, especially a silver five-franc piece. Learn a new word every day. [7] The écu design continued, essentially unchanged, on French gold coins until 1640 when the louis d’or replaced it.[8]. After 1726 the final écu remained stable at six livres tournois]. This still did not give France a coin which could compete with the thalers which were popular in Germany. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Translations When Louis IX took the throne, France still used small silver deniers, which had circulated since the time of Charlemagne to the exclusion of larger silver or gold coins. ECU - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. R. L. in Palgrave, Robert Harry Inglis, ed. 3 livres tournois, in 1577. In 1577, Henri III agreed to stabilize the écu d’or at 3 livres tournois and to adopt a new monetary system with prices quoted in écus. Venice and Florence had already shown that there was demand for larger silver and gold coins and in 1266 Louis IX sought an advantage for the royal coinage by expanding it in these areas. English Alternative forms . How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? (1901). Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". For the first time in French history, these coins had a mark of value, with IIII or VIII placed on either side of the shield. Finally, the écu d’or was made of 23 carat gold, which was not the international standard. What does ECU mean? cus [ey-kyooz; French ey-ky]. Écu (from Latin scutum) means shield, and the coin was so called because its design included the coat of … An electronic control unit (ECU) 'E' mean (electric) OR (ELCU), also known as an electronic control module (ECM), is an embedded system in automotive electronics that controls one or more of the electrical systems or subsystems in a vehicle. Looking for the definition of ECU? Middle French, literally, shield, from Old French escu, from Latin scutum; from the device of a shield on the coin — more at esquire, European Currency Unit (influenced by French écu ecu). The silver écu was further broken down into a ​1⁄8 value coin (huitième d'écu), a ​1⁄4 value coin (the quart d'écu) and a ​1⁄2 value coin (the demi-écu). Borrowed from French écu. Disclaimer. What made you want to look up ecu? In 1515 the écu au soleil was valued at 36¾ sous, but this was increased to 45 sous by 1547 even though its weight and fineness had been decreased in 1519. 20 sous, for the franc to 22 sous 6 deniers (i.e. Moreover, French coins were still made by hand, so precious metal could be illegally shaved from the edges of the coins before passing them on. ecu (plural ecus) The European Currency Unit (symbol ₠), a currency used in the European Community before the euro. Coins of Medieval Europe, Philip Grierson, pages 143, 159, and 176, Coins of Medieval Europe, Philip Grierson, page 144. The European Currency Unit (ECU) was the official monetary unit of the European Monetary System (EMS) before it was replaced by the euro. Not a particularly good athletic school, but they made it to a tournament this year! The process of devaluation continued. It failed again, Louis IX’s silver coins were a great success but his gold was not accepted at this rate and his successor discontinued gold coinage. ECU: Edith Cowan University: ECU: Ecuador (ISO Country code) ECU: East Central University (Ada, OK) ECU: European Currency Unit (former monetary unit) ECU Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about ecu. Coins In History, John Porteous, page 182. Login . The term écu (French pronunciation: ​ [eky]) or crown may refer to one of several French coins. [4], Philip IV reintroduced gold coinage to France in 1296 and began a sequence of extravagantly designed but rapidly changing types. historical (former French coin) (monnaie médiévale) écu nm nom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? The value of the écu varied considerably over time, and silver coins (known as écu d'argent) were also introduced. East Carolina University, home of the P.D. This is a little curious, since the just discontinued écu d’or was now valued at more than 5 livres, and the old hammered silver quarter écu was struck until 1646 and valued at 1 livre. écu definition in French dictionary, écu meaning, synonyms, see also 'écru',ec',éculé',écume'. [3] His gold écu d'or showed a shield strewn with fleur-de-lis, which was the coat of arms of the kings of France at the time. The écu disappeared during the French Revolution, but the 5-franc silver coins minted throughout the 19th century were just a continuation of the old écus, and were often still called écu by French people. The government of the child Charles VI abandoned his father's sound money policy by replacing his gold franc à cheval. Charles VI’s father had scored major gains against the English but had passed the cost on to his children. abbreviation for European Currency Unit: the currency that was used within the European Monetary System before the euro. Louis XIII fixed all this. Coins In History, John Porteous, page 210. ‘For example, the Pesca programme spent 12 million ecus in Brittany between 1994 and 1999, on actions to promote processing, to improve the quality of fish products, or to train or retrain sailors.’ All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. History and Etymology for ecu Noun (1) Middle French, literally, shield, from Old French escu, from Latin scutum; from the device of a shield on the coin — more at esquire Noun (2) “Ecu.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ecu. 1 ecu per tonne of bulk goods and 2 ecus per tonne of processed goods per week in the case of warehousing costs; 1 écu par tonne de produits en vrac et 2 écus par tonne de produits conditionnés, par semaine, pour les frais de magasinage, Enrich your vocabulary with the French Definition dictionary Top ECU acronym definition related to defence: European Currency Unit the Pirate. The former official monetary unit of the European Union, used to evaluate the exchange rates and reserves of members of the European Monetary System on a common basis and in trading Eurobonds. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. 'East Carolina University' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. These coins were valued as if gold was worth only 10 times as much as silver, an unrealistic ratio which Edward III of England had unsuccessfully tried to use. These coins were generally named for their obverse design, and the écu a la chaise which Philip VI introduced in 1337 showed a shield with the coat of arms of the kings of France beside the seated king. What does ECU stand for in English? ECU definition: European Currency Unit: a former unit of currency based on the composite value of several... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples the shield carried by a mounted man-at-arms in the Middle Ages. The écu, as it existed immediately before the French Revolution, was approximately equivalent (in terms of purchasing power) to 24 euro or 30 U.S. dollars in 2017. Feudal coinages at Bouillon and Sedan, Château-Renaud, and Rethel also struck quarter écus, with their own arms replacing the royal arms.[10]. English Translation of “écu” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. The Silver Coins of Medieval France, James Roberts, page 341. English words for écu include shield, crown, coat of arms and hawse. The term écu may refer to one of several French coins. English Department Go English! Find out what is the full meaning of ECU on Abbreviations.com! For more on the 17th-18th centuries currency system, see Louis d'or, livre tournois and Italian scudo. ECU has a reputation for being a party school. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! In 1641 he introduced a thaler-sized silver coin originally called a Louis d’argent and valued at 3 livres tournois. [9] Royal coins struck at mints in Navarre and Béarn added local heraldry to the fleur-de-lis of France. [2] The first écu was a gold coin (the écu d'or) minted during the reign of Louis IX of France, in 1266. ÉCU The European Independent Film festival, modern coat of arms of the kings of France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Écu&oldid=985145203, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 06:58. any of various gold and silver coins of France, issued from the 13th through the 18th centuries, bearing the figure of a shield. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Information and translations of ECU in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. spent vast quantities of these coins subsidizing his allies in the Netherlands at the outset of the Hundred Years' War, and this coin was widely copied in the Netherlands. The types of quarter and eighth écus d'argent paralleled those of the écu d’or, with the royal arms on the obverse and a cross on the reverse. The new écu à la couronne weighed less than the franc but its value was increased from one livre, i.e. Our program offers three degrees: a B.A., and M.A., and a Ph.D., as well as various minors and certificates. In the second half of the 1500s gold and silver imported from Spanish America impacted the French economy, but the king of France was not getting much of the new wealth. This value was associated with the stabilization of the écu d’or at that value in 1577, and the new silver coin came to be called an écu. Translation for 'écu' in the free French-English dictionary and many other English translations. All Free. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! You can complete the translation of écu given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse Meaning of ECU. [French, from Old French escu, from Latin scūtum, shield (from the shield stamped on the coin); see skei- in Indo-European roots.] Looking for online definition of ECU or what ECU stands for? This is again named after the shield on the obverse, which now has a crown above it and the modern coat of arms of the kings of France with three fleur-de-lis. ECU; Etymology . The value of … Meaning of French écu as a finance term. Philip IV[VI?] 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 260: écu (plural écus) A silver coin formerly used in France, with varying values. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. East Carolina University chapter sponsors leadership forum Taylor has used ECU control systems on many of its gen-sets for more than two decades "with very little problem," according to Tommy Smith, director of manufacturing at Taylor Power Systems. ECU (Electronic Control Unit) An automotive electronics module that contains an embedded system.Today's vehicles may have 75 or more ECUs that control just about everything, including the operation of the engine, transmission, doors, windows, airbags and the user interface. The ECU was based on the value of several different currencies within the … This exacerbated the inflation caused by the increase in the supply of gold and silver, and the Estates General, which met at Blois in 1576, added to the public pressure to stop currency manipulation. [5], Charles VI ended the practice of frequently changing gold coin designs (but not that of tampering with their weight and value) with his écu à la couronne in 1385. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. The term écu (French pronunciation: ​[eky]) or crown[1] may refer to one of several French coins. English ECU acronym meaning defined here. Gold Coins of the World, Robert Friedberg. "shield, coat of arms," also the name of a coin with three fleur-de-lys stamped on it as on the shield, formerly escut, from Latin scutum "shield" (see escutcheon).First issued by Louis IX (1226-1270); so called because the shield of France was imprinted on them. bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. Being a party school America 's largest dictionary and encyclopedia thalers which were popular Germany... Ecu ( écu meaning french écus ) a silver five-franc piece à la couronne weighed less than the franc its... Us where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if )... From 1690 to 1725 rates were unstable and new écus were issued and... 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